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Profile of Jurors for the PPT

  1. Upendra Baxi, Chair of the Tribunal
  2. Ricarda Steinbrecher
  3. Prof. Ibrahima Ly
  4. Masayoshi Tarui
  5. Elmar Altvater
  6. Paolo Ramazzotti
  7. Gianni Tognoni

Upendra Baxi

Professor Baxi is a legal scholar, and a Professor of Law in Development at the University of Warwick, United Kingdom since 1996. He has been the Vice Chancellor of University (1990-1994), prior to which he held the position of Professor of Law at the same University for 23 years (1973-1996). He also served as the Vice Chancellor of the University of South Gujarat, Surat, India (1982-1985).

Professor Baxi earned his LL.B. from Rajkot (South Gujrat) University. He holds LL.M. degrees from the University of Bombay and the University of California, Berkeley. Additionally, he holds a degree of Doctorate of Juristic Sciences (S.J.D.), also from the University of California, Berkeley.

He has taught various courses at Universities of Sydney, Duke University, the American University, the New York University Law School Global Law Program, and the University of Toronto. Recent published works include The Future of Human Rights (3rd edition, 2008) and Human Rights in a Posthuman World (2007).

He is a former Professor of Human Rights at The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences in Kolkata, and was succeeded by Justice Ruma Pal. He has also served as the Honorary Director (Research) the Indian Law Institute (1985-1988) and the President of the Indian Society of International Law (1992-1995).

Ricarda Steinbrecher

Dr. Ricarda Steinbrecher is a molecular geneticist and developmental biologist. She has a PhD from the University of London, UK, and a first class honours M.Sc. from the University of Kiel, Germany (1985). She has specialised in gene regulation and modification and has worked as a research scientist in the field of mutational analysis, gene identification and gene therapy. Since 1995, she has been working on genetically modified organisms, their risks and potential consequences on health, food security, agriculture, biodiversity and ecosystems.

She serves on the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group (AHTEG) on Risk Assessment and Risk Management of Genetically Modified Organisms. She has also been involved in the processes of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity since 1998, including its Subsidiary Body on Science, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA). She is a member of the Federation of German Scientists and a founder member of the European Network of Scientist for Social and Environmental Responsibility. Dr. Steinbrecher is presently co-director of Econexus, a not-for-profit public interest research organisation analysing developments in science and technology and their impacts on environment and society.

Prof. Ibrahima Ly

Ibrahima Ly is a professor of law and a researcher at the Faculty of Law of University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar (UCAD) since December 1986. He is the first state doctor on environmental rights in Senegal. He is a consistent advocate on environmental protection who specialises on national and international consultancy on the questions of right of environment and management of natural resources, bio-security for several national and international institutions.

From 1999 to 2007, he was the head of Public Law Department at the Faculty of Law of University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar. From 2007 to 2010, he was Director of CREDILA (Center for Studies and Research in African Laws and Institutions). He is also the President of Senegalese Association for Environmental Law.

Masayoshi Tarui

Masayoshi Tarui is a professor of philosophy and ethics at Keio University focusing on social philosophy and bioethics which includes human rights issues. He is also the Vice President of the Japan AIDS and Society Association, an organisation dedicated to disseminating information on HIV/AIDS to strengthen prevention and educational efforts among researchers, journalists, the business sector and the general public.

A graduate of Keio University and the University of Muenster in Germany, Professor Tarui has authored numerous publications on the subject of HIV/AIDS and other health-related issues. He also served as member of the organising committee for the 7th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific held in Kobe in July 2005.

Elmar Altvater

He is a German economist, who was President of the Lelio Basso International Foundation for the Right of Peoples in Rome. He was a University Professor (tenure position) at the Free University Berlin, Department of Political Science (Otto-Suhr-Institut), and a guest-professor at several Universities (Mexico, Brazil, Canada and USA).

His main publications cover the fields of crisis theory, state theory, economic world system (especially financial crises, development strategies and processes of globalisation) and of global ecological constraints and environmental policy. Research has also been performed on economic growth and social development in West Germany, on industrial relations and trade union strategies in Western Europe, on strategies of economic development in the Amazon and their ecological impact.

Paolo Ramazzotti

He is a Professor of Public Policy at the University of Macerata, Italy. He studied in Rome, where his tutor for the Laurea (honor's degree) in Economics and Business was Federico Caffè. He subsequently studied in Ancona (ISTAO) and at the University of Reading.

His publications (in English and Italian) deal with industrial economics, public policy and the social costs of modern capitalism. He has coordinated researches on development in the National Park of the Sibillini Mountains in Italy and on patterns of industrial policy and development in Argentina and Italy.

Dr. Gianni Tognoni

Since 1979, Gianni has been Secretary General of Permanent People's Tribunal. He is Director of the Consorzio Mario Negri Sud, Head of the Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacology and Coordinator of the Department of Cardiovascular Research, Istituto Mario Negri in Italy. He has a Doctorate degree in Philosophy and Medicine. He is editor of several books, and of more than 500 articles in major pharmacological and medical journals.